The decision adopts the agreement on behalf of the European Community (now had). The current ICA 2007 came into force on February 2, 2011, when it was approved by two-thirds of the signatories of export and import governments. [17] As of 2013[update], it has 51 members, including 44 exporting members, and 7 imports (the European Union represents all of its 28 Member States). [3] According to the ICO, its members account for 98% of total coffee production and 67% of consumption. [18] In 1940, the United States agreed to limit its imports to a quota of 15.9 million bags, and other Latin American countries agreed to limit their production. [6] The agreement had a direct effect and the price almost doubled until the end of 1941. [4] After the end of the war in 1945, the price of coffee continued to rise[5][7] until 1955/57, when some balance was reached. Prior to the initial agreement, the global coffee market was vulnerable to wild price fluctuations, with overproduction often dramatically affecting the incomes of large coffee exporters. In recent years, organizations such as the National Coffee Association have opposed such agreements because they are contrary to free trade (and have likely led to higher prices for consumers). However, in the context of the Cold War, such organizations supported the idea of quotas to support the price of coffee in order to avoid worsening poverty conditions that could open the door to communist influence in developing countries[2] The International Agreement of Origin on Coffee set quotas that limited world coffee exports to major consumer countries to a total of 45.6 million bags per year.

, Brazil benefiting from a large number of quotas (18 million bags). While it was drafted on September 28, 1962, this agreement was not ratified until 1963. The agreement dictates that the exported coffee contains country of origin certification to guarantee the orgin of the coffee. Three other agreements were negotiated after 1983. The 1994 agreement stipulated that the OIC would focus on the production and dissemination of knowledge on the sustainable management of the coffee industry and the coffee trade, as well as on the health effects of coffee. In 2001, the parties agreed to promote the development of a sustainable coffee industry and promote product consumption, while improving its quality standards. The 2007 agreement encouraged members to adopt safety standards and develop strategies to help local communities in coffee-producing areas, while pledging to achieve international development goals. In 1989, the ICO failed to reach an agreement on new export quotas, which led to the breakdown of the 1983 ICA. [10] The disagreement was caused by the change in consumer taste towards a softer, better quality coffee. [11] With the maintenance of the quotas of the 1983 agreement, the amendment increased the value of softer coffee at the expense of more traditional varieties such as robusta.

[12] In particular, Brazil – the world`s most powerful coffee producer – refused to reduce its quotas because it thought it would reduce its market share. [11] [13] U.S.-led consumers have called for better quality coffee and an end to the sale of coffee to non-members at reduced prices. [14] [15] The EU is a member of the International Coffee Organization (ICO) as an international institution, with 31 importing countries and 45 exporting countries. The 2007 International Coffee Agreement signed by the 77 members of the OIC, aims to promote and promote the sustainable development of the global coffee sector through the following measures: the initial agreement was signed in 1962 for a period of five years and, since then, six other agreements have been concluded, ratified in 1968, 1976, 1983, 1994, 2001 and 2007.