”The Indian navy is responsible for concluding white maritime information exchange agreements with 36 countries and three multinational constructions,” said an official source. To date, 19 agreements have been signed, 12 of which have come into force. India has also established an extensive network of coastal chain radars that track maritime and ocean traffic. The Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region (IFC-IOR), which will begin on December 21, 18 in Gurugram, will allow the Indian Navy to interact with various multinational constructions and international and national agencies for information on white shipping. The data collected will significantly improve awareness of the state of commercial shipping within the IOC. The Centre will also facilitate the dissemination of analysed maritime safety and security information to partner states, structures and agencies. Aman Saberwal replies: White Shipping Information refers to the exchange of relevant prior information on the identity and movement of non-military merchant commercial vessels. India has signed white maritime agreements with several countries, including the United States and Singapore, and is working to reach a similar agreement with more countries as part of its ongoing efforts to develop an effective regional MDA. The transnational nature of the maritime zone ensures unfettered movement across the seas.

The Indian Ocean region (IOC) accounts for 66% of the world`s oil, 33% of bulk goods and 50% of container transport with more than 100,000 ships transiting through the country each year. This is why situational awareness in the Indian Ocean region is important for the well-being of many countries. However, given the large amount of commercial shipping traversed by the IOC and the multinational nature of world trade, it is not possible for a single nation to monitor the oceans individually, which requires cooperation between countries. These include bilateral information exchange agreements. India has signed an agreement to join the Trans Regional Maritime Network (NMR) which aims to exchange information on transport on the high seas. These multilateral agreements are necessary because of the heavy traffic in the Indian Ocean, which cannot be totally controlled by any nation. Knowledge of the identity of these vessels is essential to prevent a potential maritime threat from harming the country`s coastal and sea security. The terrorist attack of 26 and 11 in Bombay is an example. The Indian navy has therefore worked with all other agencies involved, such as the coastguard, customs, ports, fishing, etc., for a complete maritime area of Awareness (MDA). The pact will give India access to information on ships crossing the Indian Ocean region, which will greatly help security forces monitor any suspicious activity, an official said. Jaishankar stressed that India has 40 per cent of its trade with coastal states along the IOR and supports ”freedom of navigation, overflight and free trade.” The agreement was signed here on 19 January, when the two sides held their second dialogue on maritime cooperation for the Indian Ocean region. Commodore K.M.

Ramakrishnan signed the agreement on behalf of the navy on Monday at the Italian navy headquarters in Rome, the navy said on Twitter. The agreement aims to exchange data by… The Indian Navy`s mission is to conclude White Shipping`s information-sharing agreements with 36 countries and three multinational constructions. To date, they have been signed with 19 countries and a multinational construction and data exchange with 12 countries are already underway. India and Bangladesh today signed seven agreements. The information is mainly available via the Automatic Identification System (AIS), which is equipped on merchant ships with a tonnage of more than 300 raw registrations after B.C., on behalf of the International Maritime Organization.