Article 6 of the Paris Agreement was the focus of the UNITED Nations climate change conference in Bonn. But what is Article 6 and why is it important to strengthen climate protection? The resolution of Article 6 is the most important item on Cop25`s agenda. But failure is a perception traditionally avoided by the UN, police hosts, national governments and certain components of civil society. If things migrate until 2020, you expect a Madrid fudge to be born. This could be done in the form of a ”partial closure,” in which some differences of opinion will be declared consensual with a closer discussion for 2020. This highlights a reason for disagreement with Article 6.4, namely that cdM hosts did not have specific Kyoto emission reduction targets, meaning that economies cannot be ”counted twice” towards more than one target. Article 6.2 allows countries to conclude bilateral and voluntary agreements on trade in carbon units. ”There can be no double counting of emissions reductions and there can be no production of hot air. In this context, we cannot support the transfer of credits or quotas from the Kyoto Protocol until 2020, which would jeopardize what we are trying to achieve with the Paris Agreement. The nature of the ”internationally transferred mitigation outcomes” (ITMOs) covered by Article 6.2 is being discussed, with some countries intending to decide for themselves what they can do and others that want all co2-tonne emissions operations to be covered. ”It`s hard to imagine how countries will agree on the right options and the right accounting rules and methods, when we can`t even have an agreement to eliminate those that are clearly incompatible… I mean, it`s not even a climate atmosphere, in many cases it`s common sense. If an agreement cannot be reached, the issue will continue in December next year towards The Cop26.
In light of the ongoing discussions on how best to reach OMGE, Dufrasne says that ”unfortunately” automatic termination is not currently supported by many countries, and he says ”there are a lot of misunderstandings about what the bases are going to do”. Although Article 6.7 stipulates that the annual COP adopts rules, modalities and procedures for the carbon market in accordance with Article 6.4, there is disagreement over the extent of national control over its activities and the UN supervisory body signs each draft or methodology. ”Otherwise, there will be a double count, which Brazil and many other countries have tried to avoid.” They expect future demand for offset credits to be relatively stable, regardless of price, and that systems like Corsia will even have to use them at higher prices. The third option of section 6.8 allows the use of non-market-based approaches. As the name suggests, market-based climate change mechanisms play no role in this approach. Although the text of the Paris Agreement is not under discussion, Article 6 is only two pages long and does not describe how these systems work and the rules that will ensure that they lead to real emission reductions. The current text of the negotiations contains several ”basic tests” to ensure additionality, including a square option that could set the bar beyond what the host country would need to deliver on its climate promise (NDC). The text of the option states that, in order to finalize the regulatory framework, negotiators must navigate the text through a thicket of impenetrable jargon, a series of technical accounting challenges and bear traps of ”constructive ambiguity” that often conceals incompatible views on how Article 6 should work and what it was created for.
According to the text of the Paris decision, the emission reductions created by Article 6.4 must be in addition to ”all the reductions that would otherwise occur”.